How can you quickly know if one number will divide evenly into another number, leaving no remainder? For example, will 3 divide evenly into 2,169,252? Well, I wouldn't have brought the subject up if I didn't know some curious shortcuts...


Division by 2
No surprise here. Any number that ends in 0,2,4,6 or 8 is evenly divisible by 2.

Division by 3
Add the number's digits. If the sum is evenly divisible by 3, then so is the number. So, will 3 divide evenly into 2,169,252? Yes it will, because the sum of the digits is 27, and 27 is divisble by 3. If you want, you can keep adding numbers until one digit remains. For example, keep going with 27. 2 + 7 = 9, which is also evenly divisible by 3.

Division by 4
If the number's last 2 digits are 00 or if they form a 2-digit number evenly divisible by 4, then number itself is divisible by 4. How about 56,789,000,000? Last 2 digits are 00, so it's divisible by 4. Try 786,565,544. Last 2 digits, 44, are divisible by 4 so, yes, the whole number is divisible by 4.

Division by 5
Any number that ends in a 0 or 5 is evenly divisible by 5. Easy enough.

Division by 6
The number has to be even. If it's not, forget it. Otherwise, add up the digits and see if the sum is evenly divisible by 3. It it is, the number is evenly divisible by 6. Try 108,273,288. The digits sum to 39 which divides evenly into 13 by 3, so the number is evenly divisible by 6. If you want, you can keep adding numbers until only one digit remains and do the same thing. So in this case, 3 + 9 = 12 and 1 + 2 = 3, and 3 is evenly divisible by 3!

Division by 7
Multiply the last digit by 2. Subtract this answer from the remaining digits. Is this number evenly divisible by 7? If it is, then your original number is evenly divisible by 7. Try 364. 4, the last digit, multiplied by 2 = 8. 36, the remaining digits, minus 8 = 28. The last time I checked, 28 is evenly divisble by 7, and thus, so is 364!

Division by 8
If the number's last 3 digits are 000 or if they form a 3-digit number evenly divisible by 8, then the number itself is divisible by 8. How about 56,789,000,000? Last 3 digits are 000, so it's divisible by 8. Try 786,565,120. The last 3 digits, 120, divide by 8 into 15, so yes, the whole number is divisible by 8.

Division by 9
Sum the number's digits. If it divides by 9, you're in luck. As with the tests for 3 and 6, you can keep adding numbers until you're left with only one digit.

Division by 10
Any number that ends in 0 is evenly divisible by 10.

Division by 11
Here are four ways for different types of numbers:

  1. If the sum of every other digit, starting with the first, is equal to the sum of every other digit starting with the second, then the number is evenly divisible by 11. Try 13057. 1+0+7 = 3+5, therefore it should divide evenly by 11. And indeed it does: 13057 / 11 = 1187.
  2. If all the digits are the same and there's an even number of digits, then the number is evenly divisible by 11. 333,333 - Yes. 3,333,333 - No.
  3. If the number is a 3 digit number with different digits, add the two outside digits. If the difference between the sum and the middle digit is 11 then 11 divides evenly into the 3 digit number. If the sum is the same as the middle digit, then 11 will also divide evenly into the number. Try 484. 4 + 4 = 8 which equals the middle digit so 11 divides into 484 evenly. How about 913? 9 + 3 = 12 and 12 - 1 = 11 so 913 is evenly divisible by 11.
  4. If the digits are different, count 'em from the right and then add the numbers in the odd positions and the even positions. Subtract the smaller number from the larger. If the difference is evenly divisible by 11, so is your original number. Take the number 181,907. The numbers 8,9, and 7 are in the odd positions. They sum to 24. The numbers 1,1, and 0 are in the even positions. They sum to 2. Subtract 2 from 24 to get 22. 22 divides by 11 into 2, so 181,907 is evenly divisible by 11.

Division by 12
If the number can be evenly divided by 3 and 4, the same can also be said for 12. Use the methods for Division by 3 and Division by 4 above. If they both work, your number is also evenly divisible by 12.

Division by 15
If the number can be evenly divided by 3 and 5, the same can also be said for 15. Use the methods for Division by 3 and Division by 5 above. If they both work, your number is also evenly divisible by 15.

Division by 24
If the number can be evenly divided by 3 and 8, the same can also be said for 24. Use the methods for Division by 3 and Division by 8 above. If they both work, your number is also evenly divisible by 24.

Division by 33
If the number can be evenly divided by 3 and 11, the same can also be said for 33. Use the methods for Division by 3 and Division by 11 above. If they both work, your number is also evenly divisible by 33.

Division by 36
If the number can be evenly divided by 4 and 9, the same can also be said for 36. Use the methods for Division by 4 and Division by 9 above. If they both work, your number is also evenly divisible by 36.

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